People & culture...........................................................................................................................
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  •     Zang Ethnic Minority

            
    Editor:Petter       Organization:Guangxi Tourism Infomation Centre   Edited Date:2008-3-25 15:23:17  

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    People & Culture

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    Introduction

                 


      Population and Distribution 
    The Zang ethnic minority (also known as Tibetan) mainly live in the Tibetan Autonomous Region on the Tibetan Plateauwith some groupings in Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan and Yunnan Provinces. The national census of 2000 showed that the Zang had a population of 5,416,021.
    History
    According to archeological findings, the ancestors of the Zang lived in the Brahmaputra River delta. Historical records suggest that the Zang were part of the Xiqiang group during the Han Dynasty (206 BC - 220). As the Han people stepped into the Tang Dynasty (618 - 907), they and the Zang developed a profound friendship, which culminated in the marriage of the Tang princess Wencheng and the leader of Tibet, Songtsen Gampo. Many believe that it was Princess WenCheng that first brought Buddhism to Tibet, where it quickly spread. In the 13th century, the Mongols established the Yuan Dynasty (1271 - 1368), and began to exert sovereignty in Tibet.
    Language and Character
    The Tibetan language belongs to the Tibetan-Burman group of the Sino-Tibetan language family is divided into three dialects and has both spoken and written forms.
    Belief
    The Zang people believe in the Indian Mahayana form of Buddhism but have gradually developed a distinctive Tibetan Buddhism which is also called Lamaism.

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