People & Culture
Introduction | Tribes |
Art & Craft | Music & Dance | Traditional Weddings | Festivals
The Tujia ethnic minority has a long history, dating back 2,000 years, has a population of approximately 8 million people, and the Tujia nationality mainly distributed in compact communities in the Tujia Miao Autonomous Prefecture in western part of Hunan Province and Enshi Tujia Autonomous Prefecture in Hubei Province. They are a brave minority on the beautiful and fertilized ground in Hubei Province and Hunan Province, live with Han nationality and Miao nationality together. Their name of Tujia means the native people; they also professed themselves as the name of Bizika.
Their language is very similar to the language used in Tibet and Burma. Tujia nationality language belongs to the Sino-Tibetan language family that including Tibetan and Burmese. Because it has no written script, many Tujia people use Chinese script.
The Tujia people have various beliefs that include shamanism, Taoism, ancestral worship, and earlier beliefs involving ghosts and evil spirits, and hold sacrificial ceremonies during festivals. White tigers are highly revered and are thought to prevent evil.
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