People & culture...........................................................................................................................
INTRODUCTION MINORITIES & ETHNIC GROUPS ART AND CRAFT
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  •     Mongol Ethnic Minority

            
    Editor:luby       Organization:GuangXi Shelton China Travel Inof Co. Ltd.   Edited Date:2008-3-31 15:07:53  

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    People & Culture

    Introduction | Tribes | Art & Craft | Music & Dance | Traditional Weddings | Festivals & Events

    Introduction

                 


      

    Distribution and Population
    With a population of 5,813,947, the Mongol (also called Mongolian) ethnic minority is distributed primarily in the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region along with others in provinces like Qinghai, Gansu, Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, etc. This ethnic minority is brave and unconstrained with a profound history. Though they called themselves 'Mongol', meaning everlasting fire, other people refer to them as 'the ethnic minority on horseback'.

    History
    The Mongols originated from a tribe in Northern China in the seventh century of the Tang Dynasty (618 C 907). In the 12th century, a legendary leader, Temujin, unified the Mongolian tribes. Afterwards, Emperor Shizu Kublai established the Yuan Dynasty (1271 - 1368) when the Chinese territory reached its summit and the cultural communication had improved a great deal. In the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644), they separated into two branches.

    Language and Literature
    The Mongolian language belongs to the Mongolian group of the Altaic phylum and has three main dialects. The written form is derived from that of the 13th century and experienced many changes. The Mongolians have made brilliant achievements in their literature including the 'Mongolian Secret History' which is world renowned. 

    Religion
    In the 16th century the Mongolians believe in Shamanism but turned to Lamaism in the Yuan Dynasty.

    Economy
    The Mongolians live on vast grasslands; therefore, stockbreeding plays a major role in their development, together with agriculture, handicrafts, and other processing industries.

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