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  •     Hani Ethnic Minority

    Editor:luby       Organization:GuangXi Shelton China Travel Inof Co. Ltd.   Edited Date:2008-3-26 15:05:22  

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    People & Culture

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      The Hani ethnic group is one of the many unique tribes in Yunnan Province. The Hani minority has a population of 1,424,990, living in concentrated communities mainly in the Ailao Mountain region between the Honghe River in southern Yunnan and the Lancang River, which includes Honghe Prefecture, Mojiang, Pu'er and Jiangcheng of Simao Prefecture and Yuanjiang County of Yuxi Prefecture. The Hani minority has a long history. It shares the same ancestors with the Diqiang, the Yi, the Naxi and the Lahu minorities, and developed into the present minority in the process of migration and reproduction. They were called Heman in the Sui and Tang Dynasties and Heni, Hanni, Hani and Ani in the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties and were officially named Hani minority soon after 1949. Their language belongs to the Yi branch, Tibeto-Burman group of the Sino-Tibetan Language Family. Hani did not  have their own writing system until 1957 when the Chinese government assisted in the development of a script based on the Roman alphabet.
    The Hani are skillful at singing and dancing. They have 3-4 stringed guitars, flutes and a type of wind instrument fashioned from gourds. Hani are good singers and dancers. They perform vigorous and graceful dances accompanied by a lucid and lively rhythm. They are especially kind and respectful to their elders and their children too. The young will not sit with crossed legs in front of an elder. The elderly will walk, eat and drink first. 

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